With an area of 1270 hectares in the terrestrial and 1800 hectares in the sea, one kilometer from the coast towards the sea throughout the reserve, including the Cabo Blanco Island, was established on October 21, 1963 as the first protected wilderness in Costa Rica.
In total in the reserve have been identified around 120 tree species. Some are evergreen type (which never lose their leaves) and are characteristic of the rainforest. Other species are of deciduous (they lose their leaves in the dry season). These species are characteristic of the dry forest.
The reserve has basically two types of forest, this area of the original or “primary forest” and regenerated or “secondary forest”.
Mammals of the reserve are varied and is possible to see squirrels, deer, howler monkeys and white face, the coati, agouti, anteater, etc.
The marine fauna is represented by large populations of fish, crabs and mollusks as chitons, cambutes, nurse sharks, turtles, whales and dolphins.
This park is a great example of what Costa Rica does to protect theis natural beauty; Cabo Blanco was mainly composed of devastated lands by indiscriminate deforestation in the 1960′s when the park was created.
Now, it’s a fully regenerated secondary forest full of huge native trees of all species and abundant wildlife. The park can be explored by following several paths that are available to visitors. The longest trail is about 3.5 km. long and takes you to the beach right in front of the Cabo Blanco Island.
Due to this island the name of Cabo Blanco Reserve, a small island of about one hectare that remains practically covered by guano (bird defecation product as other frigates and pelicans) the whole year, this is what gives whitish appearance which can be seen from Cabo Blanco beach and gives an impression of grandeur and intrigue.
The island has the greatest colony of Brown Bobby birds in Central America, and also mantains the largest population of pelicans in the Nicoya Peninsula.
Guided hiking tours and bird watching are offered at Cabo Blanco. Admission is $10, and it is open 8-4 Wednesday – Sunday, closed Monday and Tuesday. It is about 5 kilometer hike from the ranger station to the beaches.
As you can see, if you are a nature lover Costa Rica is definitely a premier eco-vacation destination!